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Termodinámica

Termodinámica Listado temporariamente desordenado

  • P5656 Aparato de Pensky-Martens para determinar el punto de autoignición de combustibles líquidos
  • P3210 HEAT TRANSFER BENCH INCLUDING CROSS FLOW HEAT EXCHANGER
  • P3212 PARALLEL FLOW HEAT EXCHANGER
  • P3213 MIXED FLOW HEAT EXCHANGER
  • P3300 RADIATION AND CONVECTION APPARATUS
  • P3301 ADDITIONAL HEATING ELEMENTS
  • P3302 PRESSURE TEST COVER WITH O RING AND CLAMPING DEVICE
  • P5687 THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY APPARATUS
  • P5697 BOILING HEAT TRANSFER APPARATUS
  • P5689 THERMO ELECTRIC ENGINE
  • P5700 MARCET BOILER
  • P5631 MECHANICAL EQUIVALENT OF HEAT APPARATUS
  • P5691 STIRLING CYCLE HOT AIR ENGINE
  • P9060 PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR POWER UNIT
  • P7130 SOLAR DISTILLATION APPARATUS - BASIN TYPE
  • P7135 SOLAR DISTILLATION APPARATUS - THIN FILM TYPE
  • P7140 SOLAR ENERGY APPARATUS
  • P7141 DATA ACQUISITION FOR SOLAR ENERGY APPARATUS
  • P7131 SOLARIMETER
  • P7132 ANEMOMETER
  • P7133 INCLINOMETER
  • P7134 MULTI-CHANNEL PEN RECORDER
  • P9005 TWO SHAFT GAS TURBINE
  • P9008 DATA LOGGING OPTION FOR P9005
  • P9014 A/D CONVERTER CARDS AND SOFTWARE
  • P9050 TWO STAGE AIR COMPRESSOR SET
  • P9053 HARDWARE, SOFTWARE AND PC DIAGRAM GENERATION
  • P9080 ENERGY BALANCE APPARATUS
Aparato de Pensky-Martens para determinar el punto de autoignición de combustibles líquidos P5656
  • Determinación precisa del punto de autoignición de combustibles y otras sustancias inflamables por encima de los 49 grC
  • Permite hacer determinaciones de acuerdo a las normas:
    • ASTM D3278
    • ASTM D3828
    • ASTM E502
    • IP 303 (obs)
    • IP 523
    • IP 524
    • ISO 3679
    • ISO 3680
    • BS EN 456
    • BS 3900 Part A13
    • BS 6664 Parts 3 & 4
    • UN Class 3 Non-viscous Flammable Liquids
    • CHIPS Regulations
    • EPA 1020 A & B
    • ASTM D1655
    • DEF STAN 91-91
    • BIS IS 1448 Part 20
  • Caldera de fundición calefaccionada eléctricamente
  • Tapa con traba de seguridad
  • Control de la calefacción desde el panel frontal
  • Dimensiones: 30 x 25 x 30 cm
  • Peso: 5,6 kg (12,7 kg incluyendo maletín)

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
HEAT TRANSFER BENCH INCLUDING CROSS FLOW HEAT EXCHANGER P3210
  • Determines the relationship between Nusselt’s and Reynold’s numbers applied to a single heated tube positioned transversely to a stream of air.
  • Determines the effect of change of diameter on the heat transfer coefficient to a single tube in cross flow.
  • Determines the effect of change of position of the heated tube within a cross flow tube bundle.
  • The basis air flow bench consists of a welded steel frame, mounted on castors, and to provide two work surfaces for experiments and integral storage space.
  • A tangential fan (i.e. fitted with a narrow chord centrifugal impellor), directly driven from a single phase induction motor, provides the necessary air flow for experiments.
  • The fan is capable of providing a flow of 500 litres/second at a static pressure rise of 800 pascals.
  • Instrumentation supplied with the bench comprises a dual multi-slope manometer with dial type barometer, a conical inlet flow measuring device, a pitot static tube for traversing the duct.
  • The test section affords a means of simulating a cross flow heat exchanger, a series of blank tubes being inserted transversely within the section.
  • Various configuration can be achieved, comprising a single tube or, up to four tube blanks.
  • An electrically heated tube complete with surface mounted thermocouple is provided, to replace any of the blank tubes within the test section.
  • A low voltage power source complete with wattmeter indicates the power dissipated by the electrical heater.
  • The unit comes complete with two heated tubes of different diameters, each of which can be used individually or within the tube banks.
  • Natural convection studies for single tubes is also catered for by the unit, the fan being switched off for these tests.
  • Experiments on forced convective external heat transfer from cylinders and tube bundles and apparatus can also be used to investigate the pressure drop across the tube bundles and natural convection from a single horizontal tube

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
  • Determines the relationship between Nusselt’s and Reynold’s numbers for a stream of air flowing around and parallel to a heated tube.
  • The unit consists of a conical inlet flow measuring device, followed by a 60 mm flow tube having a short heated section, which is then followed by an annular section comprising a heated inner tube.
  • The two heated sections, outer tube and inner tube, sized to minimise the temperature rise of the air flowing in the tube. The convection heat transfer coefficient is thus determined utilising the readings of power input and surface temperature along with the value of heated surface area.
  • The heat transfer rate for each heater can then be determined giving values of heat transfer coefficient for both inside and outside of the tubes.
  • The unit is made from clear acrylic, thus affording a visual appreciation of the experiment.
  • Facility for temperature readout and power indication provided by heat transfer bench.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
MIXED FLOW HEAT EXCHANGER P3213
  • Determines the heat transfer coefficient from tube wall to shell side within a tube bundle.
  • The outer wall (shell side) of the exchanger to consist of a perspex tube of nominal bore 100mm, which is positioned at the inlet to the fan of the Air Flow Bench.
  • The flow of air is determined by the use of the conical inlet device supplied with the basic bench and 20mm and 50mm orifices in the inlet.
  • The tube bundle consists of a number of blank tubes and a single heated tube, positioned in a series of baffle plates that are free to slide along the tubes, enabling the baffle pitch to be varied.
  • The heated tube, positioned centrally in the tube bundle, contains a built in, wall mounted thermocouple.
  • Facility for temperature readout and power indication provided by heat transfer bench.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
RADIATION AND CONVECTION APPARATUS P3300
  • Self-contained bench mounted unit.
  • Demonstrates radiation and convection by various heating elements under different ambient pressure and element surface temperatures.
  • Variable heater orientation.
  • Uses different gases allowing comparative heat transfer tests to be conducted.
  • Instrumentation includes a temperature indicator, +1 to -1 bar Bourdon tube gauge, a high vacuum 0 - 200 mbar McLeod gauge, 0 - 30V digital/analogue Voltmeter, 0 - 400 mA digital/analogue Ammeter.
  • Vacuum pump to achieve conditions down to less than 0.1 mbar.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY APPARATUS P5687
  • Determines temperature gradients and heat flows in various specimens of high conductivity and across thin sections of insulation.
  • Self-clamping specimen stack assembly with electrically heated source, calorimeter base, Dewar vessel enclosure, constant head cooling water supply tank and multi-point thermocouple switch mounted on steel cabinet base.
  • Variable voltage power supply incorporating variable auto-transformer and digital ammeter housed in steel case.
  • Two mercury and glass thermometers (5 to 50ºC) for water temperature readings, four Ni Cr/Ni Al thermocouples for metal temperature readout via digital meter.
  • Six specimens of various sizes in mild steel, copper, aluminium and stainless steel.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
BOILING HEAT TRANSFER APPARATUS P5697
  • Determines heat transfer from the solid to the liquid state under conditions of convection and nucleate boiling.
  • Demonstrates the effect of film boiling.
  • Instrument case containing all controls and electrical circuits and carrying observation vessel fitted electrodes, nickel filament and auxiliary heating element.
  • Vessel for second arm with water cooling.
  • Magnetic stirrer.
  • Electric circuit incorporating variable transformer and isolating mains transformer.
  • AC bridge circuit.
  • Instrument panel carrying rectifier instruments for measurement of heater current and voltage, switchgear and socket for connections for oscilloscope (oscilloscope not included).
  • Supplied complete with spare nickel wire.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
THERMO ELECTRIC ENGINE P5689
  • Demonstrates conversion of heat into electricity and hence into useful work.
  • Suitable for bench top use.
  • Semi-conductor pile with laboratory spirit burner heater source and cooled sink.
  • Electric motor and cooling fan.
  • -10 to 250ºC high temperature thermometer.
  • -10 to 50ºC low temperature thermometer.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
MARCET BOILER P5700
  • Suitable for bench top use.
  • Fabricated steel boiler shell fitted with pressure immersion heater and furnished with safety valve, 0-25 bar pressure gauge.
  • -10 to 250ºC thermometer and steel lagging jacket.
  • Water quantity approx. 3 litres.
  • Maximum working pressure 17 bar (250 lb/in²).
  • Tested hydraulically to 29.25 bar (425 lb/in²) and tested under steam before despatch.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
MECHANICAL EQUIVALENT OF HEAT APPARATUS P5631
  • Determines the relationship between mechanical energy and heat energy.
  • Suitable for bench top use.
  • Electric motor driven rotating drum calorimeter variable between 60-120 rpm.
  • Brake bands furnished with mass hanger and masses.
  • 0-200 gms spring balance torque weighting system.
  • -5 to 50ºC thermometer.
  • Revolution counter and variable speed controller for motor.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
STIRLING CYCLE HOT AIR ENGINE P5691
  • Demonstrates conversion of heat energy into work.
  • Suitable for bench top use.
  • Engine to have one working and one transfer cylinder.
  • Working cylinder to have single acting piston.
  • Transfer cylinder to have double acting displacer piston.
  • Low voltage electrical element heat source.
  • Output measured by 0-200 gm spring dynamometer.
  • Integral power pack, incorporating a variable voltage heater control and ammeter.
  • Complete with hanger and masses.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR POWER UNIT P9060
  • Investigates the performance of a photovoltaic unit.
  • Enables solar energy to be collected, stored and measured.
  • Comprises six module photovoltaic cell array for mounting externally with maximum output about 9W.
  • Bench top control unit for use in laboratory, comprising switching circuit, load resistors (2 banks), ammeters (2), voltmeter, 0-200gm dynamometer system and tachometer.
  • Large capacity lead acid battery supplied in dry charge condition.
  • Supplied complete with 30m of external quality cable.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
  • Measures output and efficiency against solar input, amount of base insulation, brine depth etc.
  • Can be used with thin film type for direct comparison.
  • Flat tray of surface area 1 sq. m made from self-coloured glass fibre re-inforced polyester resin, covered and sealed by a clear glass sheet.
  • The tray is covered by a removable solar radiation mat, and furnished with variable thermal insulation material beneath.
  • Water condensing on the inside of the cover, fed to a measuring cylinder.
  • Temperature measurement at eight different points provided by a thermocouple instrument, which is included.
  • Mounted on mobile frame.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
SOLAR DISTILLATION APPARATUS - THIN FILM TYPE P7135
  • Measures output and efficiency against input, amount of base insulation, moving film evaporation surface.
  • Inclinable and rotable basin.
  • Evaporating basin of surface area 1 sq. m made from self-coloured glass fibre re-inforced polyester resin, covered and sealed by a clear glass sheet.
  • Mounted for variable inclination of flow bed and cover glass and horizontal rotation through 180°.
  • Furnished with reservoir and mains powered feed circulating pump delivering approx. 1.1 litres/sec, providing moving film evaporation surface feeding into drains arranged for return of feed to reservoir.
  • Provided with flow control valve and feed and flow measurement by drowned orifice flow meter.
  • Temperature measurement at eight different points to be provided by a thermocouple instrument, which is included.
  • Mounted on mobile frame.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
SOLAR ENERGY APPARATUS P7140
  • Apparatus for the demonstration and determination of total heat capture of a solar energy unit and determination of relative efficiency.
  • To determine the effects of changing the flow rate and angle of incidence on the energy collection performance.
  • Flat heat collection tray 1.2x1.0m in GRP construction, covered and sealed by clear glass sheet. Tray to be rotated through 180 degrees.
  • Tray to be covered by removable solar radiation mat, upon which heat transferring water pipes are laid, and variable thermal insulation material to be furnished under mat.
  • Temperature measurement at eight different points to be provided by thermocouple instrument.
  • Water reservoir with built in heat exchanger coil, mains powered feed water circulating pump, flow control valve and feed flow measurement.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
TWO SHAFT GAS TURBINE P9005
  • Enables a comprehensive programme of experiments in gas turbine technology to be carried out.
  • Two shaft gas turbine on self-contained movable stand.
  • Single shaft compressor/turbine unit.
  • Combustion chamber for operation on propane or propane/butane mixture.
  • Power turbine.
  • Calibrated electrical machine for torque and power measurement.
  • Ignition system.
  • Oil tank with circulating pump, cooler and filter.
  • Five colour instrument panel with flow diagram.
  • Inlet air flow meter.
  • Fuel flow meter.
  • Tachometers (2).
  • Multipoint pyrometer
  • Thermistor instrument.
  • Thermocouple instrument.
  • Sensitive pressure gauges (3).
  • Manometer.
  • Oil pressure gauge.
  • Fuel pressure gauge.
  • Complete with starting air compressor set and all controls.
  • Gas bottle and connecting pipe not included.

For 220/240V, 50Hz mains supply.
Dimensions: 1.37m long x 0.86m wide x 1.60m high. Nett weight 350kg.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
  • Factory fitted option to provide signals for 15 measured variables, comprising additional dc power supply, 4 pressure transducers, 3 differential pressure transducers, fuel orifice, rms voltage and current sensing modules and an additional printed circuit board, plus all necessary wiring, piping and connections.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
TWO STAGE AIR COMPRESSOR SET P9050
  • Enables a comprehensive programme of experiments to be carried out on the performance of reciprocating air compressors and compressed air plant.
  • Comprises DC swinging field dynamometer motor, AC solid state control unit, two independent reciprocating air-cooled air compressors with facility for uncoupling hp stage, air circuit incorporating two receivers connectable in series, water cooled inter cooler, four relief valves, high pressure by-pass, delivery pressure 14 bar (200 lb/in).
  • Instrumentation includes five pressure gauges, air flow orifice, manometer, thermometer points, digital speed and torque measurement, and electrical meters.
  • Provision for indicating equipment.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
Cussons P9053 Computer interface for use with a P9050 comprises of a half length expansion board which plugs into an expansion slot in the PC, a termination box, 3 pressure transducers (one for each cylinder) 2 rotary encoders (one for each compressor) and the relevant software. The software allows the pressure and cylinder position data to be acquired and stored onto disk, and also allows it to be entered into a spreadsheet where various calculations can be performed, and the PV Diageam plotted.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!
ENERGY BALANCE APPARATUS P9080
  • To determine energy balance and the first law of thermodynamics.
  • To determine entropy and the second law of thermodynamics.
  • Rotary vane compressor coupled to a trunnion mounted electric motor supported in a bench mounted metal frame.
  • Air flow intake with filter, flow adjustment, plenum chamber and vacuum gauge scaled –1.0 to 0 bar.
  • Air outlet pressure chamber with 0-4 bar pressure gauge, pressure relief valve and exhaust silencer.
  • Type K thermocouples to measure air inlet and outlet temperatures.
  • Instrumentation to measure speed, temperature, torque and speed.

  • ¡Garantía Extendida 2 años!

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